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The set-up is designed to demonstrate and study the vapor-liquid equilibrium. As basic data of any distillation problem is the equilibrium between the liquid and vapor phases of the system subjected to distillation. Hence it is of great importance to study the VLE.
The set-up consists of distillation still with a heating element, shell & tube condenser, reflux & distillate section. A tank with pump is provided to circulate cold water to condenser. Flow rates can be regulated through control valve fitted. Instrumentation is done to measure the temperatures at different points.
A Digital Temp. Controller is connected to heating element for precisely controlling & varying heat input. The vapors form the top of column are condensed in the shell and tube type condenser by circulating cooling water. The condensate is collected in reflux drum and feedback to column as reflux
Price on Request: Get Latest PriceForced Vortex Flow is an example of rotational flow and can be generated by rotating a cylinder containing a fluid about its axis or by rotating a paddle in a large volume of fluid. Under steady conditions, each particle will move with the same angular velocity and there will not be any relative motion between fluid particles. Streamlines for such a flow will be concentric circles and the total energy is constant along a streamline but varies from one streamline to another.
Price on Request: Get Latest PriceWe are engaged in offering a wide array of Forced Convection Apparatus. The unit consists of a circular pipe, losing heat by forced convection to air, being forced through it. Constant heat flux is added to pipe by an electrical heater, provided with input control. Test pipe is connected to the delivery side of the blower along with the Orifice to measure flow of air through the pipe. Thus the students can calculate local and overall heat transfer coefficients in forced convection, at various airflow rates and various heat flux values.